One of the core challenges of designing a digital currency involves something called the double-spending problem. Users willing to devote CPU power to running a special piece of software would be called miners and would form 2009 bitcoin price network to maintain the block chain collectively. In the process, they would also generate new currency.
When Nakamoto’s paper came out in 2008, trust in the ability of governments and banks to manage the economy and the money supply was at its nadir. The US government was throwing dollars at Wall Street and the Detroit car companies. The price of gold was rising. Bitcoin’s chief proselytizer, Bruce Wagner, at one of the few New York City restaurants that accept the currency.
Photo: Michael Schmelling Nakamoto himself mined the first 50 bitcoins—which came to be called the genesis block—on January 3, 2009. For a year or so, his creation remained the province of a tiny group of early adopters. But slowly, word of bitcoin spread beyond the insular world of cryptography. It has won accolades from some of digital currency’s greatest minds.